So by now, you should be able to command your kids one by one. If you’re like me, you really need to get them ALL on board with your directions most of the time.
Today, we’ll learn how to command them as a group.
Love each other.
Now we’re talking to all of the kids, so let’s see how to make commands for a group. You’ll see that there’s an easy pattern, just like with everything in Arabic!
Forming “Plural You”
Last lesson, we learned that we need to know how to say “you” in order to make commands.
We learned “you” male and female in Lesson 5, so today we’ll add “you all.”
In English, we only have one way to say “you.” It can be used for one person or for 10 people. In Arabic, we always need to use separate words for single, dual (2 things), and plural.
So, to say, you all, we add ت on the front of the verb and we also add ون on the end of the verb.
Let’s practice with the verbs we have already learned.
تَفْعَلُ —–> تَفْعَلُونَ
Taf-‘a-lu becomes Taf-‘a-luu-na
تَقُولُ —–> تَقُولُونَ
Ta-quu-lu becomes Ta-quu-luu-na
تُحِبُّ —–> تُحِبُّونَ
Tu-hi-bu becomes Tu-hi-buu-na
Practice this with any verbs you’ve learned so far and you’ll be ready to make almost any command in Arabic.
Forming Plural Commands
We already learned that to make singular commands, we have to take off the ت and add an ا in front of the verb and a sukoon on the end.
For plural commands, we do the same, but we take off the ن at the end.
تَفْعَلُونَ —–> افْعَلُوا
The extra ا is just added because it’s a spelling rule.
Let’s make commands for the verbs that we learned before.
تَغْسِلون —–> اِغْسِلُوا
Tag-si-luu-na becomes Ig-sil–uu
تمْسَحون –> امْسَحُوا
Tam-sa-huu-na becomes Im-sa-huu
Now, let’s take another look at the command in our video. It’s a little different because this verb has more than 3 letters.
You may notice that most of the verbs we have done have been just 3 letters. When we start adding more letters to verbs, things get really interesting. This particular verb form shows that the action has to be done together. It’s like the difference between talking and conversing.
Love each other.
This command comes from the verb
Love each other (Past Tense) تَحَابَّ
To make it you all love each other, we add our ت and our ون just like above and we have
You (plural) love each other. تتَحَابُّونَ
From there, we take off the ت and the ن like the other examples we saw. For this verb, we don’t need to add ا at the beginning. Do you remember why? Feel free to look back at the last lesson if you don’t.
تتَحَابُّونَ —–> تَحَابُّوا
Have you been using your commands at home? Let me know if there are more you’re looking to learn.